Jackfruit Information > Basic Information Of Jackfruit

Basic Information Of Jackfruit




Jackfruit is one of its own kind tropical fruits, recognized for its fruity flavor that can be appreciated from a distance. The fruit is unique for its size and delicious sweet taste. In common with other tropical fruits such as durian, banana, etc., it is also rich in energy, dietary fiber, minerals, and vitamins and free from saturated fats or cholesterol.

Botanically, this popular Asian tropical fruit belongs to the family of moraceae, genus: Artocarpus and is closely related to figs, mulberry, and breadfruit. Scientific name: Artocarpus heterophyllus.

The jackfruit tree is believed to be indigenous to the Southwestern rain forests of India. It is widely cultivated in the tropical regions of Indian subcontinent, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Brazil for its fruit, seeds, and wood.

The tree grows best under tropical humid and rainy climates but rarely survives cold and frosty conditions. Jackfruit is a huge tree that grows to as high as 30 meters, higher than the mango tree.




During the season, each tree bears as many as 250 large fruits, supposed to be the largest tree-borne fruits in the world. The fruit varies widely in size, weigh from 3 to 30 kg, and has oblong or round shape measuring 10 cm to 60 cm in length, 25 to 75 cm in diameter. The unripe fruits are green; when ripen, might turn to light brown color and spread a strong sweet, fruity smell.

Jackfruit outer surface is covered with the blunt thorns like projections, which become soft as the fruit ripe. Its interior consists of orange-yellow colored edible bulbs. Each bulb consists of sweet-flavored sheaths that enclose a smooth, oval, light-brown color seed.

Jackfruit seed is 2 to 4 cm long and 1 to 3 cm thick and is white and crisp within. There may be as many as 100 to 500 edible bulbs embedded in a single fruit interspersed between thin bands of fibers. Almost all the parts of the tree secrete white sticky latex like milk (juice) when injured.


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